The Challenge

Low impact, sustainable and easy to solutions are key to solving the Niger Delta's issues

About 60 per cent of Nigeria’s population has no access to electricity – increasing up to 90 per cent in rural areas. Access to electricity for the most basic needs, such as lighting, is sporadic at best and often expensive when provided by a diesel generator.

As a result most Nigerians rely on kerosene lamps and candles for evening light, while often having no access to electricity for basic services such as health and education. Moreover, mechanical power for irrigation, agricultural processing and industry is prohibitively expensive for many farmers and small businesses.

Poverty is widespread amongst Nigeria’s 150 million citizens, with 54 per cent of the population in poverty. The Niger Delta accounts for 70 per cent of government revenue due to oil and gas production, yet poverty is higher than the national average, with about 70 per cent of the population lacking basic services like electricity, clean water and health. Despite vast oil and gas reserves and abundant solar, wind and hydro energy potential Nigeria suffers from an ongoing energy crisis. This has had a severe impact on the country’s ability to reduce poverty through increased economic development and industrial productivity and improved delivery of basic services.

Although energy policy is the government’s responsibility the oil and gas sector also has an important role to play in addressing national energy constraints, in particular as energy policy relates to natural gas supply to existing and planned power plants. This is particularly evident through the National Integrated Power Project where international oil companies – among others – have become independent power producers (IPPs), as mandated by the government, by setting up gas-to-power facilities for local populations. Oil companies have also implemented a number of small energy projects as part of their corporate social responsibility programmes.

Supported by the EUThis website has been produced with the financial assistance of the European Union. The contents of the website are the sole responsibility of the SUNGAS project partners, and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Union.


iied logoInternational Institute for Environment and Development

80-86 Gray's Inn Road
London WC1X 8NH, UK

iucn logoNiger Delta Wetlands Centre

PO Box 729,
Bayelsa State,

Living Earth Foundation

5 Great James Street

Stakeholder Democracy Network

Stakeholder Democracy Network (SDN)

Development House

56-64 Leonard Street



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